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Kışladağ is a low-grade, bulk-tonnage, open pit operation that uses heap leaching for gold recovery. Kışladağ is located in Usak Province in western Turkey and one of the largest gold mines in the country.

Key Facts

Location Usak Province, Turkey
Mine type Open pit, heap leach
Metals mined Gold
Employees/contractors ~650
Expected mine life 15 years1
Deposit type Gold porphyry
Ownership 100%
Resources & Reserves

1. Kışladağ Minerals Reserves (effective September 30, 2020)

(t x 1,000)
Grade Au
Contained Au
(oz x 1,000 )
Proven 194,314 0.70 4,352
Probable 13,236 0.54 228
Proven & Probable 207,550 0.69 4,580

CIM Definition Standards (2014) were used for reporting the Mineral Reserves.
Mineral Reserves are estimated based on the following assumptions: metal prices of $1,300/oz Au; cut-off of 0.18 g/t recoverable Au (equivalent to a NSR cut-off of $7.30/t); recovery is variable throughout the block model with average life of mine metallurgical recovery being 56% for all ore; and no dilution and mining recovery of 100% (both already accounted for in the resource block model).
The Mineral Reserve is derived from the Measured and Indicated Mineral Resources. The block model supporting these resources has not changed since March 2018 (other than depletion). The Mineral Reserve estimation is constrained by the December 31, 2019 topo surface.

2021 Outlook

Kışladağ is expected to mine and place on leach over 11 million tonnes of ore at an average grade of 0.69 grams per tonne. Subsequent to the commissioning of the HPGR circuit in the third quarter, recoveries are expected to improve substantially in the second half of 2021 with average recoveries at approximately 50% for the year.

Forecast 2021 sustaining capital of $18 to $23 million is primarily for work related to the cover liner, ADR columns and equipment overhauls. Growth capital of $90 to $95 million is expected to consist primarily of the HPGR project, waste stripping and construction of the North Leach Pad. A portion of the expenditure on the HPGR project has shifted from 2020 to 2021; however, the HPGR circuit is expected to be fully operational on schedule by the end of the third quarter. Phase 1 of the North Leach Pad facility is expected to be ready for stacking by the end of the third quarter.


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Operating Data

2021E 2020A 2019A
Gold produced (oz) 140,000-150,000 226,475 140,214
Gold sold (oz) - 226,895138,737
Ore mined/processed (Mt) 11.0 12.0 8.3
Gold grade (g/t) 0.69 1.00 1.15
Cash operating costs ($/oz sold) 590-640 451 435
All-in Sustaining costs ($/oz sold) - 664 593
Sustaining capex ($M) 18.0-23.0 20.1 14.7

Geology and Mineralization

Kışladağ is a porphyry gold deposit that formed beneath a coeval Miocene volcanic complex in Western Anatolia, Turkey. At least four latite intrusive phases are recognized in the deposit. Alteration consists of a potassic core with K-feldspar, biotite, quartz and locally magnetite, outwardly overprinted by illite, kaolinite, quartz, and tourmaline. Remnants of a quartz-alunite lithocap are found near surface. Gold mineralization occurs within zones of quartz-pyrite stockwork and disseminations. Oxidation extends to a depth of 20 to 80 metres but there is no supergene enrichment. The mineralized intrusions at Kışladağ are enclosed within volcanic and volcaniclastic strata that overlie basement schist and gneiss of the Menderes Massif Core Complex. These strata dip outward from the deposit core, and display rapid facies changes from massive lavas and coarse poorly stratified units proximal to the porphyry centre, to finer well-stratified volcaniclastic strata that interfinger with lacustrine sedimentary rocks in surrounding sedimentary basins.


The Kışladağ deposit was an original discovery made by Eldorado in the late 1990's during a regional grassroots exploration program.


2019 January 2019 Decision to resume mining and heap leaching at Kisladag; mill project suspended.
2018 October 2018 Kışladağ feasibility study completed and subsequent Board approval to advance the Kışladağ mill project was received.
2018 March 2018 Pre-Feasibility Study for the Kışladağ Mill published
2014 Poured 2 millionth ounce of gold.
2014 Received approval of supplementary EIA
2012 Applied for supplementary EIA to increase yearly ore extraction to 35 Mtpa of ore
2011 Received approval of supplementary EIA for the expansion to 12.5 Mtpa; completed Phase III expansion
2009 Completed Phase II level pad expansion
2007 Completed Phase II plant construction
2006 Produced first doré in May; commercial production began in July
2005 Began construction
2003 Completed feasibility study; received EIA approval
1997 Identified ore body and began in-depth exploration